What certifications are required for a safe e-bike lithium battery pack?

On 11st, May 2021, an unfortunate fire explosion incident was caused by electric bike batteries in Chengdu, China. There were 5 people injured in this accident. The root reason is the e-bike owner had modified his battery pack. That is to say, his e-bike battery pack didn’t pass any lithium battery certification.

What certifications are required for a safe lithium battery pack?

So, what kinds of certifications that a safe e-bike battery needs to conform with? Through Tritek’s thousands of internal tests and hundreds of external verification on our premium batteries, we found necessary e-bike lithium battery certifications:

  1. EN15194:2017
  2. UN38.3
  3. UN-package
  4. UL
  5. CE
  6. FCC
  7. CB 
  8. ROHS

If you want to further explore the safety of electric bike batteries, Tritek would like to show these certifications to you. Also, it is not the complete list, we have more lithium battery certifications.

EN 15194:2017

EN15194 certification is the first international comprehensive standard for EPAC: electric-assisted pedal bicycles and the electronics applications integrated into the bicycles, such as intelligent lithium-ion batteries, chargers, controllers, remotes, displays, etc.

The products that passed the test of EN 15194 can prove that the products meet the international first-class level and have a positive effect on the development of the energy-saving market.

The new standard for electric-assisted bicycles is far more complicated than the standard for EPAC previously. The new standard covers mechanical safety, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), and electrical safety.

This certification is acceptable in many European countries, such as Spain, the United Kingdom, Finland, Germany, France, Italy, and so on.

en15194
EN15194

UN38.3

It is a certification for UN-Products. UN38.3 refers to Part 3, Paragraph 3, of the United Nations Handbook on the Testing and Standards of Transport of Dangerous Goods.

In order to ensure the safety of battery air transportation and avoid unsafe incidents, Li-ion batteries must pass altitude simulation test, thermal test, vibration test, shock test, 55 °C external short circuits, crush test, overcharge, forced discharge, and packaging drop test before transportation. Products without the UN38.3 test qualification report can not be accepted.

All electric bike smart lithium-ion batteries made by Tritek are certified with UN38.3.

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UN38.3

UN-package

UN3171 is a safety package for dangerous goods and UN3480 is especially for Li-ion batteries. If the product’s watt-hour exceeds the standard, it will belong as a dangerous good.

So the Li-ion batteries with this proof will be packaged according to the Packaging Instruction 952 of IATA DGR 60th Edition for transportation, and be shipped by passenger and cargo aircraft.

Tritek has its own UN-package supplier so as to fulfill each lithium battery.

un package 2
UN package

UL

As of February 2018, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) noted UL as the expected electric system safety standard in order to help ensure the safety of e-bikes and electrically power-assisted cycles (EPACs).

This certification offers electrical and fire safety certification by examining the electrical drive system, battery system, and charger system combinations. UL certification covers:

  1. E-bikes (typically sit-to-operate and over-the-road use) and pedal-assisted electric cycles.
  2. The risk of electric shock during charging over the life of the product and other potential electrocution hazards.

Tritek is an experienced expert on electric bike battery packs, we are confident and can follow up on UL requirements to produce each lithium-ion battery pack.

CE

The letters ‘’CE’’ appear on many products traded on the extended Single Market in the European Economic Area (EEA). They signify that products sold in the EEA have been assessed to meet high safety, health, and environmental protection requirements.

When you buy an electric bike, an electric motor, or other power storage products in EU member markets, you can find the CE marks on them.

CE is necessary for Tritek lithium-ion battery packs and is suitable for all applications, including electric bicycles or electric motorcycles.  Below are the characteristics of CE certification:

  1. When LEV products transporting to the EU, the customs will check if there is CE certification along with your products for customs clearance,  which it likes as a “Passport”!
  2. If an intelligent ecological power product exported to the EU without CE certification, immediately revoked or prohibited to be sold in the market once be found out.
  3. CE-certified products can be improved products self-competition, EU consumers rely more on CE-certified products.
ce certification
CE certification

FCC

FCC certification is a mandatory US EMC certification, especially for wireless communication equipment and systems, including radio interference limits and measurement methods, as well as certification systems and organizational management systems.

The difference between the two certificates is that CE is usually compliant with EU markets standard and FCC is usually for US markets.

fcc certification
FCC certification

CB

The certification body (CB) Scheme is the world’s first international system for the mutual acceptance of product safety test reports and certificates for electrical and electronic equipment, devices, and components.

Batteries, cables and cords, capacitors as components, installation accessories and connection devices, switches for appliances, and other similar equipment are all covered under the CB Scheme.

Presently, there are more than 50 CB Scheme member countries around the world, including European Union (EU) the Member States, the U.S., China, India, Korea, and Russia. Manufacturers using the CB Scheme can potentially gain access to every CB Scheme member country without the need for expensive, duplicate testing.

ROHS

RoHs is the English abbreviation for “Restrictions on the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment” (restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment).

The standard will be officially implemented on July 1, 2006. It is mainly used to standardize materials and process standards for electrical and electronic products, making it more conducive to human health and environmental protection.

The purpose of this standard is to eliminate lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in motor electronics, with a focus on lead levels not exceeding 1%.

en15194
ISO13849/EN15194

Look! There are so many certifications that ensure that Tritek’s batteries pass all testing and safety requirements under different tests and criteria. We do this to ensure that our batteries are not only safe for you, but for your customers as well. Before purchasing a battery, make sure the above certifications ensure the best quality possible.


Read more:

  1. IEC 62133-2 test report
  2. Certification of EN 15194:2017

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